Fortran can be suitable for scientific programming, indeed it was designed for it (Formula Translator). But the verbosity of COBOL (if not its execution) springs from the same conceit that informs modern languages like Python — that code is read many more times than it’s written, so it should be written to be readable. One should expect a COBOL program - even of considerable complexity - to compile on Windows or *Nix without alteration. It's still widely used for business applications, which is an area it excels at. More English-like syntax than other languages of the time (e.g., FORTRAN) as a way to encourage programming by a wider audience, even if at the expense of some operational speed. Pls i need to hear from u guys if these languages are still useful to us. Early programming languages were highly specialized, relying on mathematical notation and similarly obscure syntax. If you get stuck with COBOL or FORTRAN who is going to help you out? They'll be more expensive! Do you think FORTRAN will be suitable? The idea was to create a programming language that could be read and understood by non-programmers, particularly accounting, finance, insurance, and other business professionals. (If it ain't broke, don't fix it!). These applications have been out there functioning for years, so there is no reason to rewrite it. Things you need to know as an upcoming programmer and MY CODING DAIRY. COBOL is also scalable, reliable and portable across platforms. It's easy to read. (11370 Views), Fortran / Anybody Remember COBOL And FORTRAN? 190Disclaimer: Every Nairaland member is solely responsible for anything that he/she posts or uploads on Nairaland. Consider a “hello world” program written in an early dialect of COBOL: For modern software developers reared on the terseness of languages like Python, this code is verbose. The idea was to create a programming language that could be read and understood by non-programmers, particularly accounting, finance, insurance, and other business professionals. The idea behind the strict regimentation of COBOL programs is to make them as self-documenting as possible. Majority of the very large companies such as banks, insurance companies, etc. It's easier to get free assistance from others on popular programming languages like PHP, Java, C++, C# and Visual Basic .net because there are so many people who use them. A COBOL program is explicitly divided into sections, or divisions, that make it easier to locate and understand its components at a glance: Identification division: Essentially a metadata section, containing details about the program, its author, and so on. I,m already into visual Basic programming. COBOL’s advanced file handling capabilities enable it to handle huge volumes of data. <> don't even know what a fourth generation language is. PLS HELP! Thanx guys. The 60-year-old programming language that powers a huge slice of the world’s most critical business systems needs programmers, COBOL is a high-level programming language for business applications. The same is true of Fortran (though my knowledge is more out of date here). How Can I Create Multiplication Table Using Qbasic And Fortran? pls i need to know if FORTRAN and COBOL languages are archiac and obsolete languages. Cobol est un langage de programmation créé en 1959 (officiellement le 18 septembre 1959). It was the first popular language designed to be, -agnostic and is still in use in many financial and business, COBOL has strict rules regarding syntax and the internal organization of programs. It is sometime necessary for a COBOL programmer to have a knowledge of machine language code, for if diagnostics do not produce a clue as necessary to look at a "CORE DUMP'. It was the first popular language designed to be operating system-agnostic and is still in use in many financial and business applications today. Environment division: Contains details about the runtime environment, for instance aliases for external devices, which might need editing when running the program on different hardware. If you write your company's software with COBOL or FORTRAN where will you get good programmers to maintain the software for you? My area of interest is developing scientific, engineering and mathematical applications. The goal was to create a programming language with the following attributes: Portability between computer systems, thus making it easier to migrate software both across generations of hardware and between hardware makers. In this article, we will explore the core difference between Cobol and FORTRAN. Il n'a rien à voir avec les singes colobes. I think many of the engineering software, at least the underlying algorithm, is still written in C because of its speed advantage. Universality. However because it is so far removed from modern languages, a lot of legacy code exists in cobol … Simplicity and standardization. Structure and scalability. See How To Advertise. Throughout the 20th century, research in compiler theory led to the creation of high-level programming languages, which use a more … The history of programming languages spans from documentation of early mechanical computers to modern tools for software development. Thus the COBOL programmer may be required to have a proficiency in two programming languages. have a lot of COBOL that you will not believe it! Over the next decade, and to the consternation of its critics, COBOL became the default choice for writing business applications. The designers of COBOL broke with the terse syntax of other programming languages at the time (again, such as FORTRAN). You haven't stated what your interest is, so I assuming that you are considering a learning/career path. This aided portability of a program between systems, where for instance I/O might be handled entirely differently. In the late 1950s, computer users and manufacturers were becoming concerned about the rising cost of programming. COBOL is relatively easy to develop, use, and maintain. It can handle huge processing volumes with ease. Some of these restrictions are a by-product of COBOL’s coming-of-age during the mainframe era of the 1960s, when programs were encoded on punched cards and the exact formatting of 80-column lines mattered. The first official COBOL specifications came out in 1960. very informative Post (thanks to darkmanzero and clocky!!! The designers of COBOL broke with the terse syntax of other programming languages at the time (again, such as FORTRAN). As for matlab, it depends on what you are trying to achieve, if you want nice graphs etc, to present your result, then go for it, but it will cost you - a lot besides the syntax is very similar to C. There are so many other good options than may prove more useful after your scientific programming days, principally C/C++, Java ( except for the massive overhead) etc, You an achieve the same results with these languages. Join The Andela Learning Community; Powered By Microsoft. PLS HELP! COBOL and FORTRAN (as they are now) as higher level than C. The abstraction of underlying machine is greater. The logical control structures available in COBOL make it easy to read, modify and debug. If you use any imperative procedural language, you are already a fortran user! / Things you need to know as an upcoming programmer and MY CODING DAIRY, Links: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10). Its just dat some are saying its ok to learn it while others are saying its not ok. The ability to accommodate future changes to the language. The idea that fortran is suitable for scientific programming is what is obsolete. One reason for its fast spread was network effects: IBM, one of the original collaborators on the language, became an aggressive early adopter, and IBM’s dominating presence in the computing world helped contribute to COBOL adoption.