The seeds in the central pulp vary in number and hardness, depending on species. [18], This article is about the fruit. Some names that seem unique are the one in Albanian that is Gujava, Hungarian that is gujávafa,  Latvian that is Gvajave, Spanish that is Guayaba, Lithuanian that is gvajavos, Maltese that is gwav, Chichewa that is gwafa, Haitian Creole that is gwayav, Malagasy that is Goavy and in Esperanto that is Guayaba. The outer skin may be rough, often with a bitter taste, or soft and sweet. [4] Guavas were introduced to Florida, US in the 19th century[2] and are grown there as far north as Sarasota, Chipley, Waldo and Fort Pierce. Guava seed oil, which may be used for culinary or cosmetics products, is a source of beta carotene, vitamin A, vitamin C, copper, zinc and selenium,[citation needed] and is particularly rich in linoleic acid. What Are The Different Types of Eggplants. It can heal deep cuts and as a tea can help cure headaches. Guava is a uniquely aromatized tropical fruit. The most common and even uncommon ones are enlisted below to help you recognize, buy, and eat this healthy fruit. Morphology. Scientific Name(s): Psidium guajava L. For other uses, see, “Guava Fruits (Taste, Juice, And Benefits)” retrieved on 24/07/2020 retrieved from, "Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus", "Strawberry guava's hold has proven devastating", "Leveling the Playing Field in Hawai'i's Native Forests",, "Caracterização dos óleos de algumas sementes de frutas como aproveitamento de resíduos industriais",, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 04:09. Scientific name examples for guava include Psidium guajava for the apple guava, Psidium guineese for the Brazilian guava, Psidium dumetorum for the Jamaican guava and Psidium cattleianum for the strawberry guava. The types are majorly dependant on the color of its flesh. Guavas are typical Myrtoideae, with tough dark leaves that are opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate and 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long. It has been adapted in many European and Asian languages, having a similar form. The most common and even uncommon ones are enlisted below to help you recognize, buy, and eat this. A drink may be made from an infusion of guava fruits and leaves, which in Brazil is called chá-de-goiabeira, i.e., "tea" of guava tree leaves, considered medicinal. The genus Psidium is composed of approximately 150 species of evergreen trees and shrubs in the American tropics.A good taxonomic classification of this genus is lacking. Guavas are rich in dietary fiber and vitamin C, with moderate levels of folic acid (nutrition table). In 2016, India was the largest producer of guavas, with 41% of the world total. Some other names that seemed different from the list are bayabas in Filipino, 番石榴(fān shíliú) in Chinese Simplified. Guavas are plants in the genus Psidium of the family Myrtaceae.There are about 100 species of tropical shrubs and small trees in the genus.. Scientific Name of Guava. These languages are Greek, Basque, Latin Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Irish, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Welsh, Azerbaijani, Mongolian, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkish, Hausa, Igbo, Sesotho, Yoruba, Maori and even Croatian. In Polish, Guava is called Guawa. From Ayurvedic point of view, various parts of this plant are used for many medicinal purpose. Guava. In Portuguese and Galician Guava is commonly known as Goiaba. Guava (Hawaiian name: Kuawa. Clinical Overview Use. The scientific name of Guava is the botanical name or formal name. The larvae of these flies then consume the fruit until they can proceed into the pupa stage. Scientific name: Psidium guajava L. Other taxonomic designations: – Guaiava pyriformis Gaertn. It grows on a little tree with a height of a little over 10 inches. To avail of these benefits, we need to understand the various names that are used to address this fruit, which belongs to the Myrtaceae family. Chewed guava leaves can counteract diarrhea. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Guava fruits,[10] usually 4 to 12 centimetres (1.6 to 4.7 in) long, are round or oval depending on the species. Very limited evidence exists to support guava's use in treating diarrhea, type 2 diabetes, dysmenorrhea, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. And the Hawaiian name of it is 'Kuawa' Other major producers were China and Thailand.[11]. [2] They have a pronounced and typical fragrance, similar to lemon rind but less sharp. [2] Guavas also grow in southwestern Europe, specifically the Costa del Sol on Málaga, (Spain) and Greece where guavas have been commercially grown since the middle of the 20th century and they proliferate as cultivars. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Apart from the big list of names, this fruit comes in various varieties as well. What Are The Different Types Of Cherries? jambu biji in Indonesian, Jambu in Javanese, and  Jambu Batu in Malay. – Myrtus guajava (L.) Kuntze. Chewed guava leaves can counteract diarrhea. Because of its high level of pectin, guavas are extensively used to make candies, preserves, jellies, jams, and marmalades (such as Brazilian goiabada and Colombian and Venezuelan bocadillo), and as a marmalade jam served on toast.[2]. When grown from seed, guava trees can bear fruit in two years, and can continue to do so for forty years.[2]. So do let us know in the comments below if some other name knows guava in your language, locality or culture! There are basically three common species of guava, however, there are other species of guava that are also of economic and ecological importance. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. In 2019, world production of guavas was 55 million tonnes, led by India with 45% of the total (table). In Hawaii, strawberry guava (P. littorale) has become an aggressive invasive species threatening extinction to more than 100 other plant species. Dosing. It is easily pollinated by insects; in culture, mainly by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera. The scientific name for guava leaf is Psidium guajava. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). That is the internal fruit color and not the color of the peel. The scientific of tropical guava is called Psidium guajava. Guava: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages. Guava is a uniquely aromatized tropical fruit. [7], Guavas are of interest to home growers in subtropical areas as one of the few tropical fruits that can grow to fruiting size in pots indoors. The Guava fruit is scientifically addressed as Psidium guajava. Clinical trials are lacking. Other Species of Guava In scientific classification of Guava, Family is a main factor. [2][4] Several species are grown commercially; apple guava and its cultivars are those most commonly traded internationally. In Cuba and Mexico, the leaves are used in barbecues. Guava is a popular snack in Taiwan, sold on many street corners and night markets during hot weather, accompanied by packets of dried plum powder mixed with sugar and salt for dipping. Red guavas can be used as the base of salted products such as sauces, substituting for tomatoes, especially to minimize the acidity. In east Asia, guava is commonly eaten with sweet and sour dried plum powder mixtures. The Sweet White Indonesian variety has fruit with a radius of almost 2 inches. Guava is a blessing in disguise for the digestive system as it helps in constipation, gastritis, Irritable Bowel Disease, Piles, Fistula, Fissure and other minor digestive problems. The fruits are many-seeded berries. Guava leaves contain both carotenoids and polyphenols like (+)-gallocatechin and leucocyanidin. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Guava (/ˈɡwɑːvə/)[1] is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. However, they are a primary host of the Caribbean fruit fly and must be protected against infestation in areas of Florida where this pest is present. It can heal deep cuts and as a tea can help cure headaches. The species name of guava depends on which type of guava you are refering to. [5], Guava was adopted as a crop in subtropical and tropical Asia, the southern United States (from Tennessee and North Carolina south, as well as the west and Hawaii), tropical Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Family: Myrtaceae Pulque de guava is a popular alcoholic beverage in these regions. The Guava fruit is generally pink from within though white ones are also available. This anti-oxidant rich fruit is known to be rich in all nutrients and beneficial for human health. Psidium species are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, mainly moths like the Ello Sphinx (Erinnyis ello), Eupseudosoma aberrans, E. involutum, and Hypercompe icasia. Guava is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions.

guava scientific name and family

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