Caries, against most belief, is a contagious disease rather than a genetic one. Dentists use special pastes that consist of phosphates and calcium molecules to treat the condition, re-harden the surface, and restore the bright look of the teeth. A low-viscosity resin is used to fill in a porous, smooth tissue lesion, making it … Published June 26, 2017. The development of cavities is a high-risk factor for white lesions. This results in the excretion of acids and oxygen as by-products. Barron MJ, McDonnell ST, Mackie I, Dixon MJ. Three things are needed to create or avoid producing a cavity: tooth structure, bacteria, and sugars or acids. White areas of decalcification are permanent, and the American Academy of General Dentistry (AAGD) confirms they do lead to decay if not kept clean. Frontiers in physiology. The demineralization of tooth enamel takes place when bacterial plaque is allowed to accumulate on the teeth, according to the University of Minnesota. Bescos R, Ashworth A, Cutler C, et al. Usually due to inadequate brushing, it is frequently a problem for children and adults who wear braces. Monographs in oral science. Many of these snacks also seem to stick to the occlusal surfaces of teeth. These are generally caused by high sugar intake, especially at night in liquid form. Ask the Colgate Chatbot! Keep in mind bottled water, formulas, drinks and many foods may contain fluoride as well. This can be the result of demineralization or altered enamel composition. During this procedure, a dentist removes a small amount of enamel from … Floss as it also helps remove bacteria in the sulcus. Now there’s a new treatment called Icon Spot Removal. The earlier it is detected, the less invasive is the treatment. All dentists can diagnose and advise you when a white spot is visible on clinical examination. With each pregnancy, your bacteria levels go up, so both you and your next child will be more prone to decay. This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is important to get routine dental checkups. Bacterial acids produced from plaque can cause white spots as they begin to dissolve tooth enamel and lead to decay. Fillings, veneers, or crowns might be necessary if the lesion has resulted in a deep carious lesion, the tooth is weakened, or the tooth is prone to fracture. Ruby JD, Cox CF, Akimoto N, Meada N, Momoi Y. White lesions caused by altered enamel formation usually are a result of ingesting substances or trauma during tooth development. Every day, a certain amount of enamel is removed from the tooth structure, but every day, your body rebuilds it. Children under the age of six can incur these spots too, and should therefore use only pea-sized amounts of fluoride toothpaste (make sure they don't swallow). This technique uses chemicals and polishing devices to smooth the enamel surface and reduce the difference between the lesion and the areas around it. Both of these substances further facilitate the growth of bacteria. Milk – Milk, be it breast, cow, goat, or soy, has carbohydrates. The information provided is not intended for use as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Unfortunately, people tend to bake them, sweeten them, or alter their makeup to release more sugar. For the safest results, the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD) recommends either an in-office whitening procedure or a dentist-supervised, take-home kit. Published 2017. Khoroushi M, Kachuie M. Prevention and Treatment of White Spot Lesions in Orthodontic Patients. 6. Brush regularly – Brush twice a day for 2 minutes. Published October 2013. Healthy teeth are at the core of a fantastic smile, but unusually discolored areas of enamel can prevent a beautiful smile from truly shining through. Use chlorhexidine mouthwash as it has been shown to reduce oral bacteria. White spots or lesions on teeth can be classified based on their size and severity: White spots or lesions on teeth can be caused by the following. Like most oral issues, figuring out how to get rid of white spots on teeth may be easier than you thought. Fluorides and Other Preventive Strategies for Tooth Decay. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, American Academy of General Dentistry (AAGD). Have questions about your smile? Wang LJ, Tang R, Bonstein T, Bush P, Nancollas GH. Bacteria in the mouth can be reduced by stopping the inoculation early in life, and cleaning the teeth every day. The simpler the sugar, the easier it can be broken down and cause demineralization of the tooth. A number of approaches can help eliminate white spots, but the best procedure will depend on the severity of your condition and how much it costs to treat. Underlying systemic disorders might include rickets, tuberculosis, congenital syphilis, chronic candidiasis, seizure, and endocrine disorders. Your dentist may use one of the following procedures to treat the white lesions on your teeth: The newest and least invasive form of treatment for white spots is resin infiltration. Contemporary clinical dentistry. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5426141/. Floss regularly – Be sure to floss and clean interdental spaces once a … A low-viscosity resin is used to fill in a porous, smooth tissue lesion, making it smoother and more reflective. Although there are numerous causes, white blotches on your teeth can make you self-conscious when opening your mouth. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. If you or your child is wearing braces, help them brush and floss around these brackets and wires regularly to reduce the risk of white spots ruining the look of their straight teeth when they come off. Geetha Priya PR, John JB, Elango I. Turner’s hypoplasia and non-vitality: a case report of sequelae in permanent tooth. However, some foods have been shown to stop caries formation, such as peanuts and xylitol. The sugars break down quickly into acid and other by-products and allow bacteria to regenerate. Effects of Chlorhexidine mouthwash on the oral microbiome. Nayak PA, Nayak UA, Khandelwal V. The effect of xylitol on dental caries and oral flora. The following tips can help decrease bacterial colonization: Sugars stay on the teeth for longer and are digested by bacteria to produce acids and allow reproduction. (11). Soft tissue is very porous, so it is advisable to brush the tongue and the soft tissue around the tooth. If you or your child has a higher risk for oral pathology, then visits should be more frequent, every 3 or 4 months. What Is Desensitizing Toothpaste and Does It Provide Long-Term Relief? Fluorosis (2) is the most common example of white lesions. Since mothers often transmit caries to their children, they need to practice good oral care. Oral health is the window to your overall health. Also read: Brown Spots on Teeth – Cause & Treatment Options; What causes white spots on teeth? This site provides content for informational purposes only.