Read more. The 1914–15 Star is a British Empire campaign medal awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces that had served in any theatre of the First World War. The loop is marked “W1”. Ending Dec 1 at 12:54PM PST 4d 14h. World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Read more. German Medals Pre-WW1 (up to 1914) German Medals WW1 > (1914-1918) CURRENTLY VIEWING. Post War mini Lapel ribbon bar with Iron Cross 2nd Class, and 1914-1918 Cross with swords, all veterans received this medal, those who served on the front lines received the crossed swords. Updates? Blücher after the Battle of Waterloo (1815). The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed. WITH RING MISSING RIBBON. A West German statute of 1957 permitted the Iron Cross to be worn only with the swastika removed. Read more. Some of the most popular include Pip, Squeak and Wilfred (the affectionate names given to the three WW1 campaign medals from the United Kingdom: The 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal), the French and Belgian War Crosses, and the German Iron Cross, Wound Badge and the Hindenburg Cross. Originally, the Cross had three classes, listed in ascending order: second class, first class, and Grand Cross, the latter being awarded only 19 times through the end of World War I (1918). Prussia’s King Frederick William III established the Iron Cross or Eiserne Kreuz on March 10, 1813 to reward soldiers who fought heroically to break the French occupation, also known as the War of Liberation.. From the time of its creation until the end of World War I, 5,719,300 Iron Crosses first and second class were awarded. Corrections? The Iron Cross (EK 1914) Germany – WW1. The Honor Cross of the World War 1914/1918 (Hindenburg Cross) Germany – WW1. We offer an extensive range of medals, ribbons, ribbon bars, badges, insignias, documents and books. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Read more. Excellent Plus. The Iron Cross medal was perhaps one of the most historically noteworthy military awards in Nazi Germany. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Use of the decoration was revived by William I for the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, recreated in 1914 for World War I, and last revived by Adolf Hitler on Sept. 1, 1939, the same day that German forces invaded Poland. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal … Iron Cross, , German Eiserne Kreuz, Prussian military decoration instituted in 1813 by Frederick William III for distinguished service in the Prussian War of Liberation. This medal is also called the Hindenburg Cross… The Wound Badge (1918) Germany – WW1. The Iron Cross already held a venerable place in German history that dated back to 1813 and … A special class, the Grand Cross on a radiant star, was created especially for Field Marshal G.L. We specialise in WW1, WW2 and post war German militaria. Read more. g004578 iron cross 2nd class, 1914. g008979 iron cross 1st class, 1914. g005682 miniature iron cross medal. The military Order of Vittorio Veneto was founded as national order “to express the gratitude of the nation” to those who had fought for at least six months in World War I. The Victory Medal (also known as Inter-Allied Victory Medal) is a United Kingdom and British Empire First World War campaign medal. ORIGINAL WWI 1813-1914 GERMAN IRON CROSS MEDAL … Attached to the loop at the top is an Imperial parade bar with ribbons for both the Iron Cross and the Hindenburg medal. The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. $59.00. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Iron Cross is a military decoration established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III and reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914. $3.85 shipping. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Read more. Pip, Squeak and Wilfred are the nicknames given to three British WWI campaign medals that are the most likely medals to be found among family heirlooms: The 1914-15 Star, the War Medal and the Victory Medal. Some of the most popular include Pip, Squeak and Wilfred (the affectionate names given to the three WW1 campaign medals from the United Kingdom: The 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal), the French and Belgian War Crosses, and the German Iron Cross, Wound Badge and the Hindenburg Cross. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Iron-Cross. The government of Nazi Germany declared the award as the only official service decoration of the First World War. g007483 iron cross 1st class, 1914. The first official service medal for soldiers of Imperial Germany who had taken part in the war was the Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918, established by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg. Late War ribbon bar with Iron Cross 2nd Class, and the Bavarian Verdienst Cross, 3rd Class. During World War II, Hitler decreed the Cross could be conferred on Germans and citizens of countries allied with Germany for exceptional bravery and/or leadership in the face of the enemy. The medals’ nicknames come from a popular comic strip of the time from the Daily Mirror newspaper. 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The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. WW1 GERMAN ORIGINAL IRON CROSS 2nd Or 1st Class? For Prussian Bravery. The War Cross 1914-1918 (or Croix de Guerre) is a French military decoration created to recognize French and allied soldiers who were cited for valorous service during WWI. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed. Read more. The number of grades was expanded to eight, which, listed in ascending order, are: second class; first class; Knight’s Cross; Knight’s Cross with oak leaves; with oak leaves and swords; with oak leaves, swords, and diamonds; with golden oak leaves, swords, and diamonds (conferred only once); and an even larger Grand Cross (awarded only once, to Hermann Göring for the Air Force’s part in the 1940 French campaign).